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The Speech Of The Birds

English Translation of Mantiq ul Tair

A masterpiece of Hazrat Farid Al-Din Attar

English Translation by Peter Avery 

Pages: 560


Mantiqu t-Tair is one of the masterpieces of Persian literature of which a complete and annotated translation into English is here presented for the first time as The Speech of the Birds . The text revolves around the decision of the birds of the world to seek out a king. Their debilitating doubts and fears, the knowing counsel of their leader Hoopoe, and their choice of the Simurgh as a king, is in reality an allegory of the spiritual path of Sufism with its demands, its hazards and its infinite rewards. The poem contains many admonitory anecdotes and exemplary stories, including numerous references to some of the early Muslim mystics such as Rabi a al- Adawiyya, Abu Sa id ibn Abi l-Khair, Mansur al-Hallaj and Shibli, among others. Brought up in a Sufi ambience, the author of this work, Faridu d-Din Attär (1145-1221) was an apothecary who lived near Nishapur. Attar, whom legend describes as having taken to the Sufi path in carnest after he witnessed a dervish surrender his soul outside his shop, went on to become one of the most famous Sufi poets in history, best known for his classical work the Mantiqu t-Tair. In The Speech of the Birds, Peter Avery has not only given us a precise and moving translation, but also ample annotation providing much information to fill in what Attär would have expected his readers to know. The result is a fascinating insight into a remarkable aspect of Islam: the world of the ecstatic love and ultimate sacrifice of the Persian mystics who, in their wise discernment of the true meaning of life, relinquish all for All. The Speech of the Birds will be of interest to everyone who values great literature, as well as to all students of Persian and Sufism..

About the Translator

Peter Avery was a well-known expert in Persian literature. He lived in the Middle East for over ten years and was Persian lecturer at Cambridge from 1958 until 1990. In his retirement, he devoted his time to translating and annotating works of the great Persian poets, including the Divan of Hafiz. Cover illustration: Mantiqu t-Tair, painted by Habib Allah, late sixteenth/Early seventeenth century, Iran. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Fletcher Fund, 1963.

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The Speech Of The Birds | Mantiq ul Tair | Farid Al-Din Attar


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